30 August, 2012

What is the history of peony ?


In the Far East, and particularly in China, “the king of flowers” is a true object of cult. In 1000 B.C. it was already protected by the emperor who used to pay great sums of money for the most beautiful varieties, thus promoting hybridization and selection. Thanks to the imperial favor, peonies also became the prime decoration motif of Chinese porcelains, especially during the Ching and Ming dynasties.

In Europe, peonies existed in several species, all herbaceous, and in ancient times they were primarily known for their healing properties. According to Greek mythology, Peon, doctor of the gods and Aesculapius’ pupil, healed Pluto’s wounds using peony’s roots; the god, in order to express gratitude and to protect him from the envy of his colleagues, gave him the gift of immortality transforming him into a flower: the peony.
In Europe, peonies became to be appreciated for their ornamental value only during the 18th century, after some English and French botanists introduced them; this is true especially for tree peonies that were, until then, unknown to Europeans. However, it was only at the beginning of the 20th century that – thanks to the efforts of the French botanists Louis Henry, Maxim Cornù and Pierre Lemoine – the first yellow peonies with enormous double flowers were bred. Such peonies were hybrids of Paeonia suffruticosa, cultivated for centuries in China and Japan, and of Paeonia lutea, a specie with yellow flowers first brought to Europe, together with the plant that will be named Paeonia delavavi, by Père Delavay at the end of the 19th century.
The first hybrids of Paeonia lutea, produced by the French, had a weak stem and a flower so heavy that it tended to flop to the ground thus making plant supports necessary to fully enjoy their ornamental effect. In order to fix this fault, during the 50’s the United State botanist Saunders, through a sequence of crosses aimed at strengthening the plant’s stem and vegetative strength, selected various hybrids with single, semi-double or double flowers that had great ornamental value and generally faster growth than both the varieties of Paeonia suffruticosa and the French hybrids of Paeonia lutea.
Other American amateurs carried on Saunders’ work; among them, worth mentioning are Gratwick and Nassos Daphnis, who created some of the most unusual and beautiful specimens of lutea hybrids available nowadays, such as ‘Leda’, ‘Zephirus’ and ‘Gauguin’, that owes its name to the astonishing chromatic effect created by its red and yellow flowers.
A great innovation in hybridization was later attained by the Japanese Toichi Itoh who successfully crossed a variety of Paeonia lactiflora with a hybrid of Paeonia lutea obtaining a plant that has the properties of both a herbaceous peony (fall withering of the leaves) and of a tree peony (multiple stems and form of the flowers).

The so-called Itoh hybrids or intersectional hybrids are, unfortunately, quite expensive and rare.

For six years, we have participated in Horti Fair in the Netherlands;For ten years, we have always specialized in export of peony flowers;For 20 years, we have been committed to research and development of peony flowers and seedlings;Rooted in the poorest northwest region in China though, we are dedicated to making the beautiful Gansu paeonia rockii blossom in the coldest parts of the world so that they may bring the warmth of flowers there. We are working constantly in an effort to create the most professional brand of Chinese peony—Zhongchuan Peony. Please join us in creating a better tomorrow for peonies.

29 August, 2012

How do peony seeds grow from germination to flowering?

For six years, we have participated in Horti Fair in the Netherlands;
For ten years, we have always specialized in export of peony flowers;
For 20 years, we have been committed to research and development of peony flowers and seedlings;

Rooted in the poorest northwest region in China though, we are dedicated to making the beautiful Gansu paeonia rockii blossom in the coldest parts of the world so that they may bring the warmth of flowers there. We are working constantly in an effort to create the most professional brand of Chinese peony—Zhongchuan Peony.Below is the peony seeds from germination to flowering.

What is the classification of peony flower?

Gansu zhongchuan peony nursery have selected nearly 600 varieties rockii tree peony through the seedling breeding and cross breeding . According to their colors ,we can divide them into eight types such as  white peony, yellow peony, pink peony, red peony, purple peony, blue peony, black peony and multi-color peony(one flower with two colors) , the following we introduce some part of it.
(一)the white system

Most of wild rockii peony are white, single type.And they  are still white,but less petal after hybridization. A variety of stains in petals’ base make wild rockii special. This type of peony plants have strong adaptability and high growth rate .

1sigle type :snow lotus
2Semidouble type:White Crane Spreading Wings

3Double type: Long Ice Road


(二)Light yellow flower system

Rockii tree peony cultivars lack of pure yellow. Pale yellow flowers generally refers to that the original flower petals are yellowish, flower petals are white after blooming .

1sigle type: The Olympic
2Semidouble type: Yellow Chrysanthemum
3Double type: Yellow Cloud


(三)Pink flower system

Paeonia rockii hybrids with Chinese peony, most of their filial generation are pink varieties. Pink refers to the uniform light red or pale pink. This type are strong stress resistance and middle growth potential .

1sigle type:Pink Lotus

2Semidouble type: Pink Golden Flower

3Double type:Snowy Twilight


(四)Red flower system

These flowers are mainly brightly red color , other colors are brown, orange and blue. Grow commonly.

1sigle type: Great Achievement

2Semidouble type: Red Lampas

3Double type: Red Crown & Jade Bead


(五)Purple flower system

Purple is a color between red and black. Generaly this type of plants' potentiality of growth is weak, the part of the varieties are not resistant to sunlight.

1、sigle type: Purple Lotus

2、Semidouble type:Purple Crown & Jade Wings

3、Double type: Silver Waves of Purple Sea

六)Blue flower system
The color of blue rockii peony are similar to lilac’s color. This variety grows strongly. It is a easy divided and breeding plant.
1sigle type: Blue Golden Stamen

2Semidouble type:Blue Crown & Jade Wings

3Double type: Silver Waves of Blue Sea


(七)Black flower system

Black refers to deep purple appear black halo, in the shade this condition are more obvious. This type of plant's  potentiality of growth is weak, and it is hard to breed.

1sigle type: Luminous Jade Cup

2Double type: Black Crown & Jade Wings

(八)multi- color flower system

Multi-color flower refers to a flower has two or more colors, with different form combination. This kind of flower's adaptability is strong and grow strongly.
1sigle type: Longyuan Twin Beauty

2Double type: Golden Times


28 August, 2012

What is the difference bewteen tree peony and herbaceous peony

1.Peony is a deciduous shrub and a woody plant, while herbaceous peony is a
tuberous and herbal plant.

2.Tree Peony leaves are wide and the front side is slightly green or green yellow,
but herbaceous peony leaves are narrow with both sides being black-green.

3.The flowers of tree peony are formed in the top of squid and are mostly single,
while the flowers of herbaceous peony come at the top of branches and are

4.The flowering periods are different: tree peony flowers early but herbaceous
peony flowers late the two plants have a difference in flowering period of about
15 days.

Despite the difference in flowering period between tree and herbaceous peony,
the two types of peony have some similarities in growth habits and flower
characteristics as well on one hand, herbaceous peony tolerates both cold and
drought, has a strong adaptability, and is widely used in garden when planted
together with treepeony, it becomes a cover of the shortflowering period of its
sister. On the other hand, herbaceous peony has particularities such as highly
positioned and diverse stems, huge flowers, dark green leaves, long and straight
stems, etc it is also an excellent material for fresh cut flowers in our country and

Character of Rockii Tree Peony

 (This picture is taken from our peony nursery in June. We are busy  dividing the type of peonies.)

1、Character of Rockii Tree Peony
 1)Tall plant, can reach 2-3 m high, crown width 3-4 m.
 2)Big and bright flower, the diameter can reach 18-25 cm.
 3) Strong fragrance; the smell of one open flower can dominate that of 10 other open flowers from another Peony.
 4) Resistance to drought and frost; tolerance of salt and base. Can bear temperatures as low as -43°C; can still grow normally at pH above 7.The cultivation of Gansu Purpura Peony is simple and does not require strict management; it is less attacked by diseases and pests, but in hot and humid weather leaves will grow mould and present scorched leaf symptoms; a sterilizing can be sprayed on foliage to combat the disease.
2、The peony  planting seasons are fall and spring.
There are 3 ways of propagation: sowing, budding, and grafting. Sown seeds can blossom after five years; grafted and budded seedlings can blossom just after plantation, but need 2-3 years after the rejuvenation period to offer a better blossom.

Chinese style--peony charm


27 August, 2012

When is the best time to plant peony?

Gansu Zhongchuan Peony Garden has been focusing on peony export for 10 years. It has more than 80 hectare of peony base and sells all kinds of top-quality peonies. Based on our years of experiencein planting peonies, the best time of growing peonies in the region between 37° and 47°north latitude is from August to October each year, and for those cold areas such as Moscow and Finland, the best planting period is from August 20 to September 15 in autumn. Please choose the best time to plant your flowers.

24 August, 2012

Peony ladies

Beijing opera is Chinese "national essence ". It has 200 years of history, and is renowned at home and abroad. It  also knowned as " yellow ". Beijing opera is composed of  " Sippy " and "two yellow" that basic tone of the  its music, it is also divided into two opera qupai based on place and sing some tunes. It begins with Daoguang years,and becomes popular in  Kangxi years. Now it has a deep impact on the world.
" Peony Pavilion " is the representative work of Peking Opera. It achieved much  praise from the young men and ladies who have pursuit of free love, strongly opposed the feudal spirit, and criticized the Cheng (Cheng Yi, Cheng Hao ) Zhu ( Zhu Xi ) science.At the same time they  upheld  justice and eliminated human desires "Peony Pavilion "is the representative work of ancient Chinese famous author Tang Xianzhu.

Do you know Chinese jade and peony are twins?

 In China’s thousands of years of history and culture, jade symbolizes nobility, purity, friendship, and good luck, being widely used as a keepsake among the people. People considered jade to be
beautiful, illustrious and noble, furthermore, peony contains many microelements beneficial to human body, if worn for a long time it can help nourish human body. Similarly, the elegant peonies of Gansu Zhongchuan Peony Garden are the queen of all flowers and a symbol of riches and honor, and its odor has a pharmacological effect. Each time when you are strolling in the peony garden, you will always feel comfortable and refreshed, and your body will have a freer circulation of blood and vital energy. In a peony garden you will find fresher air around you, this is because peony flowers can help purify the air and play the role of an air pollution monitor---when there is any change in air pollution the petals of peony flowers may change their colors. Peony and jade are the two wonders of the Chinese culture, they are so similar in many ways but equally different in others, however, they are both delightful treasures nourishing human beings.

Japanese peony-Daojin

Japanese peony--Daojin(Shimanishiki), Missy Peony of Gansu Zhongchuan Peony Garden, is so graceful and plump that she is considered the best of all multi-color peonies. In the ocean of full-blown flowers, she stands head and shoulders above others, giving out a strong force like a beam of brilliant light that makes your already bright garden even more dazzling. Gansu Zhongchuan Peony Garden has a collection of various rare and best-selling Japanese peonies, and we are looking forward to your order. Choose Zhongchuan Peony and have a happy life.

Japanese peony--High noon

Dear friends, unlike China Roses, ordinary peonies do not blossom in different seasons, but we have a mysterious variety of Japanese peony named High Noon which can blossom twice in spring and autumn. Because of their unique colors and dual-bloom features, High Noon peonies have become a popular variety among peony growers, what is more, yellow peonies are petite and cute, making them very suitable to grow at home.

What is the role of peony?

Gansu Zhongchuan peony nursery warm prompt:

 [Property flavors attributive channel]
It’s neutral in nature, tasting bitter and pale. It is good for human liver and spleen.

[Functions and indications]
It could promote blood circulation for regulating menstruation, treat women’s abnormal menstruation, dysmenorrheal, amenorrhea and other various diseases.

eony flower contains Chinese milk vetch glycosides, peony glycosides; hoof lines Tianzhu glycosides and so on.

[Therapeutic effect]
1. Relieving menstruation pain. The peony is neutral in nature which is good to human liver and spleen, regulate functional activities of qi, and smooth the liver meridian. As the resource of invigorating spleen for eliminating dampness and benefit source of qi and blood, it could replenish qi and blood promoting blood circulation for regulating menstruation and dysmenorrheal.

2. Adjustable normal menstruation. Peony can dredge the channels and collaterals, smooth joint, so it is used as the adjuvant treatment for reticular rheumatism, bend to stretch disadvantage, amenorrhea, and abdominal ache and so on.

What is the origin of peony tree?

 It was said that Wu Zetian who was the ancient Oriental Tang Dynasty Empress ascended the throne. All the flowers went and congratulated competing bloom in the throne of the Day, though peony did not care about it. Then it was banished to Luoyang. The Flore defended empress against an injustice reporting to the Jade Emperor. The Jade Emperor willed peony reincarnation to the house of the emperor, that was Yang Yuhuan who was plump and rich and to be the generation concubine.

Peony is the king of flowers, so the flowers did not dare to seize its brilliant. When Yang Yuhuan enjoyed flowers, flowers were humbled by Yang’s Royal elegant beauty. And Concubine Yang had the title of "shamed flower" in the classical four beauties. Bai Juyi's "Everlasting Regret" can be the evidence of Tang emperor and Yang Yuhuan’s eternal love, which is "They in the sky wished to be paired birds that fly wing to wing. They on earth wished to be twin branches together growing. Time and space might come to an end some day, This lingering regret would last for aye".

 Emperor's romance was always interrupted by Frontier's Yu Gu. As an imperial concubine, Yang had to start her escape when An Shi rebellion began.

 The Guards thought Yang was the root of the war .They forced the emperor to let Yang commit suicide by hanging. The place is Lingwu which is today's junction of Shaanxi and Gansu.

After war, concubine Yang became a wisp of soul for thinking of the emperor. At the same time, the emperor missed Yang from time to time. One day he saw white flowers in the field everywhere and it was painful to him which caused him vomiting blood over flower. The chaise soul perceived imperial’ mind and she was heartbroken, then she attached herself to the white flowers. The entire white flower became purple peonies.

The land army stationed at was today's Gansu Province, in which is rich in purple peony specialty. Due to the soul of Royal imperial blood are attached, the flowers are extraordinarily luxurious and glamorous. For growing in emperor’ fled road, they are extraordinarily faithful and upright comparing with flirtatious and weak flowers growing in the Central Plains.

It was said that the emperor stationed in Sichuan later. Concubine Yang implied emperors by flowers .At the year, the flower bloomed white with purple marks its meaning of the missing emperor; the second year, flowers turned color that was to inform the imperial should throne to his son for reversing the trend of the fight against the rebels. The emperor comprehended this meaning, so he passed the throne to Prince Edward Suzong who and sure enough ended An Shi Rebellion. And purple peony is the only one which gives birth in variety of watching peonies, which may compensate that Concubine Yang failed to give birth for Emperor.
Yang Yuhuan (1)
Yang Yuhuan (2)

Yang Yuhuan (3)

Wu Zetian (1)

Wu Zetian (2)
  It is Zhongchuan Peony Nursery of Gansu’s original article for everyone to enjoy.