25 December, 2012

Hope seeds

Happy New Year!

A brand new year comes, a brand new hope grows. In China, the proverb says, the whole year's work depends on a good start in spring. And in spring we sow seeds. There are lots of hope seeds. Here we provide one of them, our rockii peony seeds.

From 26th Dec, 2012 to 31st Mar, 2013, the seeds are on sale.

For individual, 1000seeds, the price is $60. The regular price is $90.

For wholesaler, 10kg, the price is $1500. The regular price is $2250.

Let us sow seeds in spring, and we believe that your harvest will be profitable.

24 December, 2012

Make the peony kingdom in Lanzhou New Area


329 acres of Zhongchuan Peony Nursery is leading the single largest nursery in China. The peony tree is tall, flower is large and colorful, and the root is drought resistant. The rare Paeonia Rockii cultivated by them with cold tolerance creats the myth peony survive in winter without any artificial protection. Zhongchuan Peony, the brand is renowned at home and abroad, comparing favourably with Luoyang Peony.
Zhonhchuan Peony is unique in the Lanzhou New Area, leading industry drives to the development of the characteristic agriculture in Lanzhou New Area. It is reported that the government intended to build the Northwest Peony Kingdom.
329 acres of peony nursery is leading the single largest nursery in China
On the morning of December 11, the reporter went to Zhongchuan Peony Nursery located in Lanzhou New Area, lots of peony trees can be seen on both sides of the road. Although it’s not the peony blossom season in winter, but the endless scale planting and tall peony tree still let people feel the charm of peony aromatic.
Gonging all the way, a row of workshop jumped into our sight. And before we wrap our heads around it, the rumbling sound already surround the ears for a long time. Although Lanzhou New Area's many sites have stopped, the workers were busy packaging peony seedings exporting overseas in Zhongchuan Peony Nursery. Said by one accompanied by.
Qiaofeng Wang has worked about three years in Zhongchuan peony nursery, who is a farmer in Zongjialiang, Zhongchuan Town. She said that the efficiency of peony nursery has become better and better, domestic and international order continuously, and she can work near her home. The salary is piecework system, she can earn about 200yuan if she worked quickly enough.
Out of the workshop, along the sightseeing platform says "zhongchuan peony nursery", peony walked into the wind and swayed eyesome posture, and workers were busy watering the tree peony. "The outside isice and snow, the peony garden no winter!"

In 1997, a middle-aged man named Qianlong Zhao took a fancy to this piece of       geomantic treasure land, and then he led hundreds employees started to pioneer and build the Zhongchuan peony nursery near the airport south gate 3.5 kilometers.

Hew out barren hills, bold do pioneering work, after more than 10 years of exploration, the Zhongchuan Peony Nursery has developed to scale up to 2000 acres, which is the domestic single biggest garden. It has developed into a collection of production, scientific research, export and ornamental tourism as one of the characteristic agricultural park.

Wild Rockii tree peony, is the only precious peony species from Gansu alpine zone in the world, if want to put the "wild" magic into "artificial planting," history of the answer is: NO!

“Make the Gansu peonies blossom in the cold areas all over the world!” Sure enough, after years of screening and breeding, Qianlong Zhao team has successfully cultivated hundreds of excellent peony varieties which can be overwintering naturally without artificial protection. In this case, the history imprison is broken, Qianlong Zhao who created a myth also changed the traditional breeding methods, batch produced cold-resistant peony nursery stock with new ways of grafting breeding and industrial seed culture. After 17 years, he has successfully carried out the action of “planting peonies in north” in 12 provinces and areas, such as the northeast, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, and Ningxia, and has built the cold-resistant peony gardens like “northeast peony garden” and “inner Mongolia peony garden”, making the people of northern cold places enjoy the peony in their home places.  

Meanwhile, Zhongchuan Peony Nursery also exports peony plants to many European and American countries, such as, USA, Netherlands, France, Russia, and Germany. And it has been the worldwide biggest export base of Paeonia rockii.

At present, Zhongchuan Peony Nursery has got the production capacity of annually cultivating 350,000 peony seedlings to domestic and 150,000 ones to overseas.

The peony of the new district has become the leading industry of efficient agriculture.

After Lanzhou New Area was authorized as the national new district, ancient Qinwangchuan is orientated for the ecological economic concept of developing “efficient agriculture, competitive forestry, and excellent animal husbandry”, to help the local farmers to bring in the agriculture and forestry products of high economic value added.

"What is high-efficiency agriculture? It does not mean growing corn, potato ext. but it means to grow large-scale specialty products, No. 1 product with high technology. Zhongchuan Peony Nursery has been built many years before. Peony trees with tall figure, big and brilliant flowers, fewer pets, strong resistance are popular by high reputation at home and abroad. It is the leader industry of efficient agricultural development in Lanzhou New Area “This is the praise of an expert for Peony in Lanzhou New Area.

Now Zhongchuan Peony Nursery, which is the main large-scale nursery in Lanzhou New Area, has become the model to promote efficient agricultural in Lanzhou New Area.

While it was talked about that New Area peony plays important role in New Area’ development and construction, the responsible person in Lanzhou Area Administrative Committee said with full of passion, " one side is rapidly developing new city, the other side is the enchanting beautiful Peony Kingdom".

Qianlong Zhao said confidently," more than 90 million RMB has been invested to the peony nursery. And 200 million RMB are planned to invest into the peony nursery. The number of tourists increase to 300,000RMB people per year and consolidated revenues totals 420 million RMB after two years’ construction on the existing foundation. At the same time, we are building the northwest Peony Kingdom. "

23 December, 2012

Rose Rosette Disease: No Cure

A disease alert for growers and retailers dealing in roses

Rose rosette disease (RRD)—a virus spread by airborne mites—had infected the rose. Finally, I had to throw in the trowel and dig up the plant. For this disease, there’s no cure; an infected rose is a curse to other surrounding roses.

A rose infected by RRD suddenly develops fast-growing canes, usually purple- or bronze-red, sometimes a sickly lime-green color. This sudden, odd growth is thicker than the stem it sprouts from. As the disease progresses, new canes are covered with thorns, with many stems emerging from the same place on the cane—a witch’s broom. These shoots and their thorns are soft, almost rubbery.

Leaves have bumpy or pebbly surfaces; sometimes, they seem to be more leaf-veins than leaf, as if they’ve suffered herbicide damage. (However, RRD affects only new growth, whereas an herbicide will affect both old and new growth.) Blossoms are cabbage-shaped and tiny. Often, they can’t open. The color and shape of infected growth seldom resembles healthy parts of the same rose. Over time, the rose’s canes turn black and develop a burnt look. The rose dies in about two years.

Just because roses come in from the suppliers as virus-free doesn’t mean they’re safe from rose rosette. This is because the disease is spread by an eriophyid mite that drifts on the wind from one rose to another. Eriophyid mites are smaller than spider mites, and they don’t respond to the same chemical controls.

Multiflora roses—the wild roses that grow along highways all through the country—are highly susceptible to the disease. Therefore, any roses downwind from a stand of multifloras can pick up eriophyid mites that drift in, even from miles away.

If you’ve seen the infected shoots on roses in your nursery, you’ve got to take action. You can get the stands of multiflora roses torn down (this will release a huge cloud of mites, so be careful), or place your rose crop in a place out of the wind, or keep spraying the roses so you don’t lose any more of your product.

There are no commercially available biological agents that prey on the mite. For chemical control, spray Thiodan (endosulfan) or Avid (abamectin) every two weeks to slow the mites’ spread. Horticultural oil also works well, though it shouldn’t be sprayed when temperatures are above 85F. Sevin works, but it isn’t recommended, because spider mite numbers increase drastically with its use.

Prevention is the best cure for rose rosette. Any infected rose should be quarantined and sprayed. Remove infected growth by cutting the cane off at the base. If all the subsequent growth on the rose stays normal after a month, then you can put it back on the sales floor, but keep an eye on it, just in case. Sometimes you can stop the disease if you quickly remove infected growth. However, if the infected growth continues to grow, destroy the rose.

Melinda R. Cordell
 

17 December, 2012

The concerning points importing peony from China


Peony

In china, there are four kinds of peony. Rockii peony, Chinese Tree Peony, Herbaceous Peony and Japanese Peony

Rockii Tree Peony, the Latin name of Rokiii Tree Peony is P. Rockii, which characterized by tall plants, wide crown diameter and cold resistance can survive cold winter with minimum temperature -43centigrade without artificial protection. In this case, it’s suitable to grow in the European countries and USA. The rockii peony is originated from Gansu Zhongchuan Peony Nursery not far from Zhongchuan airport.

Chinese Tree Peony, the Latin name is Paeonia suffiuticasa, the standard of plants is 2-3 stems, 15-35cm height. For north European country we don’t recommend this type since it can't pass the cold winter, but for France, Germany and Netherlands Chinese Tree Peony can survive.

Herbaceous Peony, the Latin name is Paeonia Lactiflara , generally the standard is 2-3 buds, for  better potting effect ,4-6 bubs is better, and Herbaceous Peony is also a good choice for cutting flowers.

Japanese Peony is the favorite one by Europeans.

All the peonies are sold by color and varieties, or you can choose to buy mixed. Usually it’s more expensive to buy according to varieties, and cheaper according to color. The cheapest to buy mixed.

Delivery Time

For European countries, Rockii Tree Peony is most recommended. The next is the delivery time.

Usually only two seasons could deliver the plants, spring and autumn. If you want to buy plants, I think you should plan several monthly in advance and contact suppliers monthly in advance. Why?

1.       As you know, the amount of plants is limited for certain specification, they couldn’t be produce massively in very short time. It takes almost one year to grow.

2.       The amount of each variety is limited especially the special varieties such as the black or purple colors. If you couldn’t this season, you may wait to next season or even next year. So contact suppliers before the delivery time, they could reserve the plants for you.

3.       The European Union has the new regulations in 2010. Plants just can be exported while they are dormant. The plants you required should be shipped at latest at the end of January. So in spring, for European countries, they couldn’t import plants. The time for them to deliver is from early August to late January. If you want to make orders for your spring sale, please contact suppliers before January, and make sure the order could be delivered before January. Or it will delay your business. For other countries, the delivery time is still Spring(10 Mar-10 April) and Autumn (10 Aug-31 Jan)

Almost all of the suppliers will provide the related documents, such as invoice, packing list, contract and Phytosanitary Certificate. Phytosanitary Certificate is the most important, which will help to pass the custom when plants arrive.

Shipping Methods

In China, the shipping methods are usually EMS, DHL, Aircargo and shipping by sea.

The delivery time of each method,

EMS, 7-15days to worldwide,

DHL 2-7days to worldwide,

Aircargo 5-7days to worldwide,

shipping by sea 30-40days to worldwide.

 

Usually EMS is suitable for plants weight 1-20kg;

DHL suitable for 20-100kg,

Aircargo suitable for 100-1000kg,

shipping by sea for more than 4000kg.

It depends on the amount and the weight of the plants, here is a table to check the weight and then estimate the whole weight so it’s easy to choose which shipping method.


Name
Specification
Stem
Height
Weight(kg)
Rockii Tree Peony
1stem
10-20cm
0.20
2-3stems
20-45cm
0.30
more than 3stems
30-60cm
0.40
Chinese Peony
1stem
10-20cm
0.15
2-3stems
15-30cm
0.20
more than 3stems
30-50cm
0.30
Japanese Peony
1stem
10-20cm
0.20
2-3stems
15-30cm
0.30
more than 3stems
30-50cm
0.35
Herbaceous Peony
2-3buds
0.15
3-5buds
0.25
more than 5buds
0.40

If the supplier is located in Gansu province, usually they choose Beijing as the airport and Tianjin as the port. The buyer can decide which airport or port is convenient.

Custom Clearance

A large part of orders pass the custom smoothly. And there may be the problems as follows,

1.       Custom duty, usually whether or how much custom duty is not certain. The custom or the carrier will contact the buyer when there is custom duty, the buyer will pay it according to their instruction. But for DHL, they pay in advance and the buyer simply pays when the parcel is delivered. Usually the custom is not that strict for USA and Europeans countries except Italy. If the buyer is from Italy, you’d better ask the supplier to declare the parcel under 40$ not a gift for small parcel.

2.       Documents, if the documents are lack of or documents are not consistent, please contact the supplier as soon as possible for the copy ones, which will help to pass the custom smoothly.

3.       The worst situation is that plants have pathogenic bacteria when they come to the local Agricultural Bureau. They maybe destroy the plants or return back to the supplier. In this case, contact with supplier is also very important. When the result comes out, the buyer and the supplier will negotiate the compensation.

Feed Back

1.       Variety right to name:

In the past the buyers got mixed plants. It’s getting better and better recent years but it has to be 100%. Usually Chinese understanding of colors is different to the European. In Europe white flowers have to be white and not sometimes mixed with pale pink in opening and fading to white. Or just for example Ye Guang Bei: Some are true to color with a dark red (Chinese call it black) but some are only very close to it with a dark purplish red. That are nice plants too but its not exactly the origin variety.

2.  Quality:

The buyers have to select the quality of the plants. For example the buyers buy plants with 1-2 branches and 30 cm tall together with plants which got 3-4-5 branches and 50-60 cm tall. All in the same box and all are the same variety for the same price. Some are grafted on own roots some are grafted on lactiflora. Everything mixed. Due the big horticulture business in Europe plants got an industrial standard in the meantime. Most of the people don’t understand any more that plants are a living good and every plant is a different individual. When they are ordering plants the first to the last plant has to be nearly the same in quality.

The Japanese plants are mostly in the same size. When you are ordering 2 years plants you know exactly what you are getting. You need only 1 pot size for potting. Thats it. Some suppliers will supply plants 3 different pot sizes for the same age (small, middle and big pots). Thats worse for the wholesale business. The customers cant calculate what they will get. Even they cant calculate the freight. Most of the plants in Europe are sold as potted plants (even the several 100. thousand of plants from NL are sold potted to 100%). Freight is expensive and the wholesellers like to get as much as possible on the trucks. Plants in Europe are mostly transported on small metall trollies which called CC cars. That is a transport system which was created in Denmark and is European standard now

You can calculate about 80 Euro freight/ cc-car for shipping by truck. When plants are too big and you got only less quantity of plants on a car the freight for a single plant is getting too expensive.
 
 
zhongchuan peony nursery